Tonga’s eruption injected so much water into Earth’s atmosphere it could weaken the ozone layer

The GOES-17 satellite captured images of an umbrella cloud generated by the submarine eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano on January 15, 2022. (Image credit: NASA Earth Observatory image by Joshua Stevens using GOES imagery courtesy of NOAA and NESDIS)

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When an underwater volcano in Tonga erupted in January, it spewed more than ash and volcanic gases; it also spewed 58,000 Olympic pools of water vapor into Earth’s atmosphere, according to a new study.

This water vapor could end up being the most destructive part of the volcano‘s eruption as it could potentially exacerbate global warming and exhaust the ozone layer, according to the study.

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